Congratulations on your purchase of Lunar Map ProTM V4.0 Deluxe Edition. You now own the most advanced, highest resolution lunar application ever developed for WindowsTM. Please take the time to read this document, and you will soon be exploring and navigating the moon like an expert.
If you are already familiar with using Lunar Map ProTM 3.0, we suggest that you refer to the sections displaying the following labels: NEW for Ver. 4.0 and Updated for Ver. 4.0. This will give you the opportunity to become fully acquainted with the NEW features and feature upgrades that are included in this latest version of the software. If you are new to using Lunar Map ProTM , we recommend that you review the entire manual.
Lunar Map ProTM4.0 DE is a WindowsTM based software product, so if you are already familiar with the features and protocols of WindowsTM programs, this product should be easy for you to master. The minimum System Requirements and Settings are as follows:
Operating System: PC WindowsTM 2000, XP
Speed: 1 GHz
RAM: 256 MB
Video RAM: 16 MB
Screen Resolution: 1024 X 768
Now that you have completed the installation procedure, all Lunar Map ProTM 4.0 DE data files have been stored on your hard drive. This insures that your software operates at maximum efficiency.
Please be sure you take the time to register your software, either by mail or online. Registered users receive email notification concerning new products, product upgrades, and bug fixes. In addition: ONLY REGISTERED USERS ARE ENTITLED TO FREE RITI TECH SUPPORT, AND SUBSTANTIAL DISCOUNTS WHEN PRODUCT UPGRADES BECOME AVAILABLE!
If questions about this software arise that do not require immediate technical assistance, we recommend that you contact RITI via email. Please provide a brief description of the problem, and our technical support staff will contact you. If you wish to contact RITI by phone, please call during our normal business hours: Monday – Friday, 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM Eastern Time
Reading Information Technology, Inc.
Web Address: www.riti.com
Once the software is installed, the Lunar Map ProTM Icon is placed on your WindowsTM Desktop. Double-click on the icon to start the program.
When the program is first opened, the Screen Display (shown below), provides a full disk texture (image) map for the current time and date, and is fully corrected for libration. The Phase Display and Zenith Angle feature are inactive at start-up. The default map is a North Up View, which is also the naked eye view for Northern Hemisphere observers.
The Grid System, which can be toggled on and off, displays the zero lines of longitude and latitude in blue, while all other grid lines are displayed in orange. This makes it easy to quickly recognize areas of favorable libration. The grid is dynamic, automatically adjusting in scale to changes in magnification.
Our exclusive Navigator Window, (lower left) contains a small vector (graphic) map. As you zoom in on the primary map, and begin moving around, a box appears on the smaller map, displaying the area that you are currently observing. That way, you always know your map location at a glance.
Since it is a LIVE MAP, it fully interacts with the primary map, and responds to the navigation tools on the Tool Bar in the same way that the large map does. This makes it possible to use tools such as the Centering Tool and Zoom by Rectangle Tool, with either map. For your convenience, the Navigator Window can be dragged to other locations on your screen, and can be minimized when it is not being used.
Above the map display, and below the blue title bar, you will see a series of Menus and Tool Buttons.
Clicking on any Menu with your mouse provides an accessible drop-down menu list.
The most frequently used menu selections are also available as Tool Bar Buttons for faster access.
Placing your mouse on any of the buttons reveals a hint box that explains the button’s function.
The Status Bar, located at the bottom of the screen, provides Longitude and Latitude readouts at your mouse curser position, and also displays the Map Scale in relation to the actual moon. When your mouse cursor is placed on the map, the Latitude and Longitude at the cursor position are displayed in the appropriate boxes.
Lunar Map ProTM 4.0 DE contains an extensive computerized lunar feature database. The program identifies 8,169 named features, and our NEW Ultra-High Resolution Texture Map, displays craters smaller than 1 mile in diameter.
If you place your mouse on any of the thousands of named lunar features, and let it Hover for at least a ½ second, the feature name will be displayed. You can then Right Click your mouse to obtain additional feature information.
The Database Includes: 1,561 named Primary Craters, as well as 5,853 associated Lettered Sub-Craters. The remaining 755 named features include: 26 Maria (Large Plains): 35 Lacus, Palus, Sinus (Small Plains): 20 Catenae (Crater Chains): 158 Domes (Volcanic Peaks): 40 Dorsa (Ridges): 34 Mons (Mountain Peaks): 19 Montes (Mountain Ranges): 11 Promontoria (Capes): 269 Rimae (Fissures): 9 Rupes (Scarps): 33 Valles (Valleys): plus an additional 79 features named by the Apollo Astronauts, and 22 Manned & Unmanned Landing Sites.
Our texture (image) map was created from NASA data that RITI reprocessed, and converted into an Orthographic Projection. This is the map projection that matches the lunar view seen by earthbound observers. Texture maps are more aesthetically pleasing and provide the most realistic representation of the lunar surface.
Using newly developed proprietary reprocessing techniques, RITI has created the highest resolution lunar map ever produced for a software application. Our State-of-the-Art texture map sets a new industry standard in map resolution.
Our vector (outline) map was developed using RITI’s advanced GIS mapping technology, and our map detail, which has been further improved for this new version, rivals the finest paper vector atlases in the marketplace. Vector maps are capable of producing clean lines, and they can withstand extensive enlargement without exhibiting loss of resolution.
The Geology Maps give you the ability to study the geological history of the moon. Geology data is classified by: TYPE, AGE, and SYSTEM. You simply zoom in to a feature of interest, and place your mouse over that area to display the geological information. Type: Provides information on the geological makeup of features. Age: Provides the geological age of features. System: Provides the associated geological era of the formation.
The maps and the map terminator are fully corrected for libration, (a predictable rolling motion of the moon that occurs during each lunar cycle), so the map view always matches the real-time view seen through your telescope.
Hover lets you quickly identify any of more than 8,100 features in the Lunar Map ProTM 4.0 DE database. Simply move your mouse over the feature that you wish to identify. When the mouse remains in the same location for more than a ½ second, the software provides feature identification via a pop-up box. If more than one feature is identified at the pointer location, a list of all the feature names is displayed. To identify another feature, move your mouse to a new location.
NOTE: It may take a few seconds for one name to disappear and the next one to be displayed. This is due to lag time, as your computer searches through the extensive feature database.
In the first example (shown below), the pointer is on the crater, Theophilus. In the second example, three features have been identified at the pointer location: Palus Putredinus, Montes Apenninus, and Archimedes N. The more you zoom in, the easier it becomes to isolate specific features.
Once you select a feature, you can access additional geographic and historical data about the feature by using the Right Click on your mouse. If multiple features are displayed, a drop-down list will allow you to select the feature of interest. Simply click on the down arrow and make your selection.
If you take your laptop into the field, you will find that the Hover capability provides the fastest and most convenient method for identifying the features you are observing. When used in combination with the FOV Feature, it becomes a very powerful observing tool.
NOTE: When using Hover, Do Not click the Mouse, since it causes unnecessary redraws.
This section provides a description of each Menu Item, and Tool Bar Button. If there is a Tool Button that performs the same action as a menu function, it is shown next to the Menu Item description.
When you open the File Menu, you will find a list of several useful functions.
There may be occasions when the map graphics on your monitor fail to look the way they should. This can be caused by anomalous interactions occurring between Lunar Map ProTM and some versions of the WindowsTM operating system. Redraw will generally correct the display graphics.
If you click Copy, the map display on your monitor will be copied to your clipboard. You can then open a program such as Microsoft WordTM, and add the image to your documents. Simply open the Edit file in the new document, and click Paste. This feature comes in handy, when you want to include graphics in written documents.
If you click Write Image you can save the monitor display, as a JPEG Image. This is a useful feature when you want to create a folder of images for later use. JPEG Images can also easily be placed into documents, or sent over the Internet.
Clicking Write Image displays the Save As Dialog Box. The Save in window will generally display your WindowsTM Temp Directory as the default file folder. The default file name is Image.jpg. To store an image in a folder, name the image in the File name window, and click the Save Button.
NOTE: If you are not familiar with using a WindowsTM Save As Dialog Box, please refer to Microsoft WindowsTM Help, for additional assistance.
Clicking Print… or using Ctrl+P, will open your Printer Dialog Box, and provide you with basic printing options. For a complete explanation of the various printing options, please refer to the section: Printing Documents.
This setting will allow you to make changes to your default printer settings. Please refer to the section: Printing Documents.
Clicking Exit will close the Lunar Map ProTM program. This Menu Item performs the same function as clicking the Close Program X, on the upper right-hand corner of the main window.
If Toolbar is unchecked, all Tool Bar Buttons on your display are hidden.
When Status Bar is unchecked the Status Bar is hidden, and you will not be able to see the Latitude/Longitude readouts or the Map Scale information.
When Compass is activated, a compass is displayed in the upper left-hand corner of the screen. Compass directions can be helpful, when zooming in, or changing map orientations, and is especially helpful when using Zenith Angle, because it allows you to see the extent of the moon’s true angular deviation from a perpendicular north/south line.
In the examples below, you can see the compass indicating a traditional north-up map view, followed by the compass indicating the true angle of view of the moon shortly after moonrise. If you leave the Compass ON, it will appear on your printed maps.
Without Zenith Angle With Zenith Angle
RITI has integrated lunar radar elevation data into our GIS mapping platform, providing users with the ability to create 3D Views of their favorite lunar features. To learn more about the 3D Viewer, click this link.
These Menu Items make it easy for you to select various lunar regions and features that you want to explore in more detail.
This allows you to select any section of the map that you want, and quickly zoom-in to that area. Simply hold down the left key on your mouse, while you drag your mouse over the location that you want to examine more closely. You will see a rectangle form around the selected region of the map. When you release the mouse, the selected area will be enlarged. This function can also be used in the Navigator Window.
To zoom-in, without changing what is currently centered in the map field, you can use the Step-In feature. Each time you click on it, you increase the map’s scale by 50%.
The Step-Out feature reverses the actions of the Step In feature. Each time you click on it, you decrease the map’s scale by 50%.
The Set Scale feature is designed for those situations when you want the map to be displayed at a very precise scale. This is a useful feature when a specific map scale is critical to your project. When you click on Set Scale, the following dialog box appears on the screen.
The box shows you the size ratio between the map display and the actual lunar disk, and contains the same information that appears on the Lunar Map ProTM Status Bar. To precisely increase, or decrease the ratio of the map image, type a new value into the window, and click OK.
When you click Full Map, the map returns to the a disk image.
The Help Menu provides a wealth of useful information. This menu gives you access to the Lunar Map ProTM 4.0 DE User Guide.
There is also a Glossary, a list of Label Abbreviations, a Lunar Fact Sheet, a Geology Map Legend, and a table for locating the features in the Charles Wood Lunar 100. (The Charles A. Wood 100 lunar features list was introduces in the April 2004 Issue of Sky & TelescopeTM).
In addition to the Help Menu, all of the Tools and Managers now include a Help Button, which provides Content-Specific Help. If you have a question about using a feature, simply click on that feature’s local Help Button to access detailed information.
These Menu Items make it easy for you to move around on the surface of the map.
This useful function allows you to quickly center any location on the map. Click on the Menu Item, or the tool button, shown above. Move your mouse to the location that you want centered, and click on it. The map is redrawn with the selected location centered on your screen. This tool also works with the Navigator Window.
In the example below, the tool was used to center the map on the crater, Clavius, located in the moon’s Southern Hemisphere. Once the feature has been centered, you can Step-in for a close-up view of the crater.
The Center at Coords (coordinates) feature lets you center the map at a specific Latitude and Longitude. Clicking on this item brings up the Dialog Box shown below. Type in the coordinates and click OK, and the map will be centered at that exact location. Once done, you can easily zoom in to achieve greater image scale at the selected coordinates. Less precise inputs are also acceptable, e.g. (40N, 55-21E).
After you zoom to a large map scale, you may want to examine an adjacent area, while leaving the map scale fixed. The Drag tool makes it possible for you to navigate in any direction you choose.
Click Drag, and place your cursor on the map. Next, slowly drag the mouse while holding down the left button. As long as the button is held down, grid lines will appear on your screen as an aide to the repositioning of the map. When you release the mouse, the map is redrawn at the new position.
These four Menu Items collectively perform the same type of function. After your map field is zoomed in, you may wish to use these tools for navigation. When you click on any of these items, the map field shifts by 25% in the direction indicated. Clicking on the appropriate arrow moves the map in the desired direction.
The About Tool displays the (RITI) Reading Information Technology, Inc. Splash Screen. It shows the version of the software that is installed, and contains both consumer contact information, and Lunar Map ProTM Copyright Information.
The Labeler Tool makes it easy to label lunar feature groups on your screen display, as well as on your printed maps, while maintaining total control over font size, style and color. To learn more about the Labeler Tool, click the following link.
The Surveyor Tool is built on an advanced GIS (Geographic Information System) engine, that lets you accurately measure lunar distances and the size of lunar features. Its advanced multi-point measuring capability even lets you measure irregular features such as Dorsa, Rilles, and Mountain Ranges. To learn more about using the Surveyor Tool, click the following link.
The Night View Tool gives you the ability to reduce the brightness of your computer screen, so you can set the ideal screen brightness for field use. To learn more about using the Night View Tool, click the following link.
The Resource Viewer provides easy access to numerous informative Lunar Internet Websites. It also contains a series of Apollo video clips, and stores the animations that you create with the Animation Assistant. To learn more about the Resource Viewer, click the following link.
The Animation Assistant makes it easy to create your own animated video clips. Create clips of the Phase Cycle, the Libration Cycle, Flyovers, Zoom sequences and more. To learn more about the Animation Assistant click the following link.
The Map Manager gives you the ability to select from a variety of different map orientations, map styles, and display preferences. To make map changes, click Map on the Lunar Menu, or click the Map Icon on the Tool Bar. The Map Display Manager is divided into three tabbed sections: To learn more about the Map Manager, click the following links.
The Time Manager makes it possible for you to set your map display in Local Time or Universal Time for any time and date between January 1, 1970 and December 31, 2100. To learn more about the Time Manager, click the following link.
The Phase Manager allows you to rapidly change phases and lunation cycles, find the times and dates for: New Moon, Full Moon, First & Last Quarter, and adjust the transparency of terminator. To learn more about the Phase Manager, click the following link.
The Ephemeris provides a wealth of useful information about the moon for any given time and date, such as: Lunation, Illumination %, Angular Diameter, RA, DEC, and Colongitude. In addition, it provides data specific to your own observing location, such as: Lunar Rise, Transit and Set Times, Altitude & Azimuth, and Topocentric Libration. To learn more about the Ephemeris, click the following link.
The Feature Finder is a comprehensive tool with a variety of useful functions. Its advanced search capabilities let you easily locate and center any of the more than 8,100 features in the database. It also provides the next sunrise and sunset time for any feature you select, provides labeling by specific feature, and allows you to link you own astrophotos and observing notes to any feature or feature group. To learn more about using the Feature Finder, click the following link.
The Field-of-View Tool lets you create custom maps that match the views through your own telescope and eyepieces. You can store information for as many telescopes and eyepieces as you like. To learn more about the Field-of-View Tool, click the following link.
The grid system is a useful navigational aide, and Grid Lines On is the default setting for the map display. The Prime Meridian and Equator are color coded in blue for quick identification, and they also make it possible to easily observe the effects of libration. Clicking the Grid Button toggles the grid lines ON and Off.
The orange grid lines are dynamic, and their spacing automatically adjusts in relation to the amount of magnification applied to the map. When the map scale is small, the lines are 10 degrees apart. As magnification is increased, the grid line seperation is reduced to 5 degrees, and again to 2.5 degrees.
The grid line values can be read with the mouse Hover feature. Just touch your mouse to any grid line to obtain a coordinate.
The Landing Sites Tool lets you display the landing sites for the American Apollo Manned Missions , the American Surveyor and Ranger Unmanned Missions, and the Soviet Luna (Lunik) Unmanned Missions. You can display landing locations, mission #s, and landing dates for each group. To learn more about Landing Sites, click the following link.
The Point of View Manager allows you center yourself above any point on the 3600 lunar map. As a result, you can see features as they really appear (free of angular distortion), and observe hundreds of features that are not visible to earth-bound observers. Using this feature creates the impression of being in lunar orbit. To learn more about the Point-of-View Manager, click the following link.
If you do not want to see open dialogs on your screen, you can always minimize them. When you minimize a dialog, it continues to remain active, but it is reduced to a small button that sits on the WindowsTM Task Bar. To minimize a dialog box, click the Underscore on the upper right-hand corner of the box.
To restore the dialog box, click its button on the WindowsTM Task Bar. If your computer is set, such that the Task Bar is covered by the Lunar Map ProTM Status Bar, just click on the appropriate Menu item or Tool Bar button.
If you want to change the location of a dialog box, you can drag it to a different area of your screen. Just click on the blue Title Bar at the top of the dialog box, and depress your left mouse key while moving your mouse. When the dialog box has been moved to the desired position, release the mouse.
If a dialog is closed after moving it, Lunar Map ProTM will remember the new location the next time the dialog is opened. If you are not familiar with these WindowsTM protocols, please refer to WindowsTM Help.
IMPORTANT: With most dialog boxes, closing the dialog box, instead of minimizing it, will cancel out the dialog box function!
As you can see, Lunar Map ProTM contains several powerful mapping, and feature identification tools for computer users, but it is not essential to take a laptop into the field. You can still print beautiful custom maps for use at your telescope. Select the correct date, time, and map orientation, and use the “Phases” dialog to add the correct terminator position. Use the “Labeler” or “Features” dialog to add feature names, and you will have the most accurate maps available for your personal observing needs.
Lunar Map ProTM software provides an accurate representation of what you see on your screen, but makes adjustments where appropriate to enhance the quality of the printed page. Examples of this can be seen below.
NOTE: If you want to include the compass on your printed maps, be sure to open the compass prior to printing.
When you click the Print Button on the Tool Bar, the following dialog opens. If you click the OK Button, without making changes to the dialog box, the displayed map is printed in Portrait Mode, which is the default setting. In addition, since Fill Paper is on its default setting of Yes, your printed map will cover the entire page, with the area displayed on your computer monitor at the center of the page.
When you print documents, most of the display settings can be left alone. In fact, the only items on the dialog box that should normally be used by most Lunar Map ProTM users are the Copies control, and the Fill Paper option. The Copies control default setting is one copy, but you can click on the arrows to increase the number of printed copies.
This option provides important additional capabilities that we will now review. When the Fill Paper setting is changed from YES to NO, the printed map will no longer fill the page, and Ephemeris Data can be added to your document.
To change the Fill Paper setting, click the small circle next to the word NO and click the OK Button. The Additional Items to Print Dialog will then appear on your screen. This dialog allows you to add 10 to 15 different Ephemeris items to your printed page.
When you are printing the full disk display, 10 Ephemeris options are available. When you add phases to the display, the available options are increased to 13, and printing Field-of-View maps, further increases your options to 15. All of the data you could possibly need during an observing session can be made available on your printed maps.
When you first open the dialog (shown above) all of the display items will be checked. If you see any data that you do not want on your map, uncheck the items and click OK. The program will remember your settings for future use.
If Title remains checked, when you click the OK Button, the Enter Title Dialog will open on your screen. Type in a title for your map, and click the OK Button. Your map will now be printed!
HINT: If you are printing maps for use at the telescope, full-page maps provide the largest image scale, but they also eliminate useful Ephemeris Data. Decide which map style is most appropriate for your observing needs.
Earlier in this section, we pointed out that the default setting for the page orientation is Portrait Mode. If you would prefer to print in Landscape Mode, click the Setup Button on the Print Dialog. Change the page orientation to Landscape (as shown below), and click OK.
NOTE: If you find that your printed maps are not centered on the page, open your Printer’s Dialog. Some printers require that you click Center, on their own dialog box, even though Center on Page is already the default setting for the Lunar Map ProTM Print Manager.
Fit To Paper on the Print Dialog, is a highly specialized feature, designed for professional cartographers who need to precisely scale their printed maps. Most Lunar Map ProTM users will not have need of this capability. For more information about this feature, contact RITI support.
The Colours option is designed for use with other RITI SICOMTM applications that require a printing color scheme that is different from the monitor display colors. Since Lunar Map ProTM does not support additional color files, the Colours default should remain set on Current Colours.
Full Page Raster Map-Portrait Raster Map with Data-Portrait
Full Page Vector Map-Landscape Vector Map with Data-Landscape
Apollo Landing Site Coordinates and Apollo Landing AVI Clips.
Arthur, D.W.G. and A. P. Agnieray, Compilers. Lunar Quadrant Maps.
Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1964.
Cherrington Jr., Ernest H. Exploring The Moon Through Binoculars And Small Telescopes.
Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1984.
Clementine Image Data – Courtesy of NASA
Warped into an Orthographic Projection by (RITI) Reading Information Technology, Inc.
Huddleston, Marvin W., Compiler. A Comprehensive Catalog of Lunar Domes
Selected Domes Geocoded by (RITI) Reading Information Technology, Inc.
International Astronomical Union: Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature - (Moon)
Kitt, Michael. The Moon: An Observing Guide For Backyard Telescopes.
Kalmbach Books, Wisconsin, 1992.
Meeus, Jean. Astronomical Algrorithms.
Willmann-Bell, Inc., Virginia, 2000.
Sky Publishing Corporation, Massachussetts.
Unmanned Landing Site Coordinates
USGS Astrogeology Research Program
Gazetteer information provided as a courtesy
Westfall, John E. Atlas of the Lunar Terminator.
Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom, 2000.